Well, joining us now is dr. Michael Ryan. He’s executive director of the World Health Organization’s; health emergencies program thanks for being with us here this morning. He’s. Doing now. We just saw the work that the World Health Organization is doing in Congo.
How difficult is it to stop a disease like Ebola that can jump across borders and or potentially go much farther on? Ebola is a very difficult disease to stuff at the moment, particularly in the context of dr congo, where we have a mixture of conflict displacement and a very weak health system.
So the chances that the disease can amplify and spread even across borders is quite high. The chances at global level are reasonably low because the disease does not spread by the airborne route, but there are many other viral pathogens that can do that.
Now, you’re attending the World Health Summit. That’s, taking place here in Berlin right now. The main focus of that summit this year is climate change. What impact does climate change have on the spread of diseases and climate and climate variability? Climate change will impact on the spread of diseases.
In many many ways, a lot of it’s, mediated by rainfall patterns and temperature patterns, viruses, and particularly the vectors that carry them, are very sensitive to rainfall, humidity, groundwater and that will drive vector borne diseases.
We’ve, seen it this year, which you can goo year with dengue outbreaks all over the world. Equally, we will see diseases associated with drought or flooding. You cast your mind. Back a year ago, we had a major cyclone of Mozambique within a week of that cyclone, we had a massive epidemic of cholera.
What are the flash points for epidemics and diseases like you’ve. Just described right now, which reads regions of the world, are most at risk most affected. I think everyone is vulnerable, but if we look at zones of great biodiversity in the world, the great rainforests and others, if we look at zones which have conflict and increasing populations with a lot of population movement where populations are already vulnerable and like in, like and Dr congo, but there are many other places like that, but we were all vulnerable and major cities all around the world are vulnerable.
They’re, not necessarily vulnerable to the disease emerging in the city, but they’re, very vulnerable to a disease arriving in the city and then causing a major epidemic. And again we’re. Seeing that more and more is the world prepared for something like that for the cut for the risk that these diseases pose yeah.
I think we’re at a stage of great vulnerability and great risk, but we’re, also entering an era of great capacity. We have technology, we have you virus new vaccines, we have new drugs, we have better surveillance systems, we have communities that are connected all over the world.
We’re, better connected communities than we ever have been. However, a trust between communities and governments is at a low ebb. So how are we going to use the technologies at our disposal, use all the advantages of development and globalization while managing those risks that are really there and in association with that globalization and appeal from multilateralism, it sounds like dr.
, Michael Ryan, director of the WH OS Health emergencies program, thanks for being with us. Thank you.