This video was made possible by curiosity stream get an annual subscription, including access to nebula for just $ 12 a year for a limited time at curiositystream.com/reallife. Lore our planet is getting warmer exactly how much warmer it’s going to get in the future.
Is anybody’s? Guess, but let’s just say for fun that the Earth’s. Average temperature increases by oh, I don’t, know let’s, say 4 degrees Celsius by the end of the 21st century. How will that change our planets geography and how will it change all of our daily lives? For starters, the scenario is based on a map created by a guy named para Cana in his book, connect ography, which was published four years ago back in 2016, the link for which is down in the description now in the book Cana created this map.
That shows what a speculative world would look like, that’s, four degrees Celsius warmer and there’s. A lot of interesting implications to unpack here. First, off the bad news most of the world is now a desert which sucks just look at how much sand there is on this map.
Now geez every continent in the world is now home to massive deserts, and Africa is effectively an entire desert continent. Extreme weather, droughts and floods render most of the rest of Earth’s, surface uninhabitable in their own ways, and the only habitable zones left on the planet are the narrow bands of land closer to the poles.
So here’s, a list of the most heavily screwed over countries in the world and what would happen to them in this scenario followed by the countries that might actually be kind of ok and maybe actually benefit the most China almost entirely an uninhabitable Desert the yellow and Yangtze rivers dry up and intense weather erodes much of the land away, which leaves behind a vast and sparsely populated deserts.
Almost everybody living here will have to evacuate, which is over 1.4 billion people. The same thing will happen in Korea and Japan too, which also effectively become hot, uninhabitable deserts. Indonesia, significant parts of the island chain, are submerged underwater from rising sea levels, Borneo becomes a desert, and the rest of the islands are plagued by extreme weather and floods.
Most of the islands in Polynesia gone just gone. All underwater 100 % evacuation of the populations are necessary, the Indian subcontinent. Bangladesh is almost entirely flooded in under water from rising sea levels, meaning that almost all of the 160 million plus people who live here will have to be relocated.
Most of the glaciers in the Himalayas have melted, which contributes to mighty rivers like the Ganges and the induce to dry up. Most of India becomes a desert with only a tiny habitable area in the far south, still remaining suitable for agriculture and human life.
Pakistan is plagued by severe droughts after the Indus tries up, meaning that only isolated pockets of human communities will be able to continue existing here. Most of the population will have to be relocated elsewhere.
Africa is now an entire desert continent, but with some potential to reforest the Sahel Africa’s, entire population will have to either concentrate into just the Sahel or evacuate to the more habitable zones on other continents.
South America is mostly pretty screwed. The Amazon rainforest is destroyed and transforms into a massive desert. The glaciers high up in the Andes, mostly melt away just like in the Himalayas leaving areas like Peru, a dry and uninhabitable wasteland.
Brazil is played by deserts, floods and droughts, and we & # 39. Ll have to mostly be evacuated. The only part of South America that will be productive and remain highly livable is the far southern reaches of Patagonia in Chile and Argentina.
Patagonia is sparsely populated in cold today, but the warming climate and the melting glaciers will give rise to plentiful arable land that could be well-suited to agriculture and human life. So most of South America’s.
Population will have to either concentrate down just here or flee to other continents. Now Australia is interesting because it’s, not all bad. The East Coast, where most of the population is concentrated today, would be totally desertified and most people there would have to evacuate, but new habitable areas that are better for agriculture and development would pop up in northern Australia and Tasmania, while the west coast would become a Pretty ideal place to regrow some forests.
New Zealand, on the other hand, will be almost entirely unrecognizable from what it looks today. The islands will be one of the few truly habitable locations remaining on the planets, and tens of millions of refugees from across the world will probably end up having to be resettled here.
New Zealand will probably end up becoming one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with massive cities in the country will likely rise up to the status of a global, great power, but other great powers will exist in this new warmer world to the United States, while severely weakened by most of her territory, transforming into a desert will likely still remain at least a great power because of Alaska and the far northern states.
States like Washington, Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota and Wisconsin will still remain habitable and be highly suitable for agriculture. While Alaska will suddenly become extremely pleasant, most of the American population will have to be relocated to these handful of states, but Alaska is enormous and it’s mostly uninhabited.
Today. It’s, almost one-third of the size of the lower 48. Us states all on its own and with the warmer climates Alaska could actually be used for farming. It’s, also rich in natural resources like oil, that would be more easily accessible and it could probably end up sustaining tens of millions of people living there.
So, just like New Zealand Alaska would be unrecognizable to what it looks like today, with massive cities home to probably hundreds of millions of people. Anchorage Fairbanks, Seattle and Minneapolis would probably become the new most significant cities in the United States, a country that would probably diminish in power but likely still remain at least a great power over in Europe.
The UK and Ireland would still remain highly habitable with a climate that probably more resembles southern France or Spain. Today and just like New Zealand and the United States, the UK would probably be one of the warmer new world’s.
Great powers, but newer great powers would emerge from the Nordic countries. Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Iceland would all find themselves in a very strategic position, with significantly warmer climates than today, much better prospects for farming and a highly strategic location near the now summer.
Ice-Free arctic ocean. All of the Nordic countries would have potential to achieve great power status with enough room for tens of millions of new people to settle in each, but the one in the best position is probably Denmark because of their ownership over Greenland.
Greenland is gigantic, but it’s extremely underdeveloped to date, with only 56,000 people living there, because it’s, mostly all covered in a huge ice sheets. In this warmer climate, though, Greenland’s, ice sheet would be rapidly melting, which would reveal an almost new world for colonization and resource exploitation.
Greenland would rapidly be becoming very habitable and pleasant to live on, particularly on the west coast of the island, where Denmark could resettle tens of millions of people from across the world.
On Denmark’s. Overall population could therefore soar into the hundreds of millions. Potentially, depending on how much of Greenland is opened up by the retreating ice sheets on their own, the Nordic countries will each become the new major European great powers at the expense of other countries.
Turning largely into deserts like Spain, Italy, France or even Germany and other countries going underwater like the Netherlands and Belgium, if the Nordics can manage to overcome their differences in unite in the warmer world, it’s, highly likely that they would become a legitimate Global superpower, but there would still be two other countries that would be in an even better position to become superpowers.
Canada and Russia. Just take a look at all of this nice warm and habitable land that both countries would control that’s, mostly a frozen hellhole. Today, nearly all of Canada would become nice and pleasant with an ideal farming climate that could grow most of the world’s crops.
The Arctic passage, meanwhile, would be free of ice year-round and, with most of the world’s. Population now living around the Arctic Circle in Canada, Alaska, the Nordic States and Russia. The Arctic passage is, without a doubt, going to become the new most valuable trade route in the entire world that connects them all together.
Canada’s. Population today is only 37 million people and the overwhelming majority of all of this land is uninhabited. So if she wishes, Canada could open up the floodgates of resettle an immigration and resettle hundreds of millions of people from across the world into all of this open land.
That will now actually be easy to develop. Canada’s. Superpower status would be almost assured in the long run, and she would likely simply replace the United States on the world stage. Meanwhile, the country that would be somehow in an even better position to claim superpower status would give Russia.
Russia has even more land in Canada, and even more of this land would become warmer and suitable for agriculture and mining. Siberia is enormous and it’s, rich with resources that are hard to get to right now because of the cold climate, but that drastically changes under the scenario.
The biggest problems preventing Russia from becoming a more significant power than she could be have always been the cold climate that she finds. Herself trapped in Russia has historically almost always been an effectively landlocked state, because most of her coastline is covered by ice for a significant part of the year in modern times.
The only ports that Russia controls that are ice-free year-round are in Kaliningrad, on the Baltic and the Crimean caucuses ports on the Black Sea. The problem has always been, though, that both of these port areas are incredibly easy to blockade, because ships have to pass through the choke points of either the Danish Straits and the Baltic or the Dardanelles in the Black Sea.
Russia’s, entire history and geopolitical strategy has been dominated for centuries by this Geographic reality and the need to have ports on warmer water that aren’t as easy to blockade. If the world warms up by four degrees Celsius, though this entire reality changes forever Russia’s.
Massive northern coast along the Arctic in the Sea of a cuts in the Pacific opens up year round without any ice for the first time ever, allowing Russia to finally build ports wherever she wants without having to 100 % rely on the Baltic and Black Sea ports.
During winter Russia’s, enormous and sparsely populated Asian territory is finally available for massive colonization and development efforts with enormous supplies of resources that will be easy to get to now.
Russia will be in the best possible position in the warm new world to quickly accelerate superpower. Status and position is so good. Russia will probably end up becoming the most powerful and dominant country in the world, capable of resettling billions of people from other regions of the world inside of her borders, Russia and Canada.
Both will be almost unrecognizable to what they are today, but maybe not so unrecognizable. As Antarctica, Antarctica will actually start to be greening if the world gets this warm, which has a lot of interesting implications.
The westernmost side of Antarctica will be green and actually suitable for agriculture and colonization. Here. Currently, Western Antarctica is claimed by the overlapping claims of the United Kingdom, Argentina and Chile.
Well, another vast area is currently not claimed by anybody. Nobody permanently lives here and with the area all of a sudden becoming green farmable and livable, and with billions of homeless climate refugees needing a new place to go.
A new colonial scramble for Antarctica could quickly ensue. The UK, Argentina and Chile could enter into conflicts over their competing claims, while other great powers like Canada and Russia would probably try and state their own colonial claims over the currently unclaimed land and all the while.
The billions of refugees from uninhabitable desert countries would probably just be clamoring to be resettled onto the currently unoccupied and now green Antarctic lands. An Arctic, Oh, will become one of the potential global flashpoints and source of enormous controversy.
In this new warm world would Antarctica be ruled by various different colonial powers with settlers reminiscent of the Age of Discovery? Would the United Nations intervene and attempt to resettle a green Antarctica with the billions of climate refugees in desperate need of a new home? Would a new Antarctica as a brand new country rise up out of nowhere over time that’s, made up of a culture of people from all over the world displaced by runaway climate change, vengeful at the rest of the world for screwing them over And destroying their ancestral homelands there’s, no real way to tell, but the extreme speculation is effectively endless.
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