Well, yes, now, mercifully, there has been a little late summer, snowfall already on this glacier. This is obviously a magnificent and apparently robust landscape, but in fact Switzerland is warming up twice as fast as the rest of Europe, and that has created some remarkable initiatives out here on the glossiest to protect the ice that remains and elsewhere in the country.
To try and take out the co2 that were pumping in the atmosphere to try and save the planet, a conventional rubbish incinerator, just outside Zurich and possibly the birthplace of what could be a global revolution, not here precisely but upstairs on the roof using the incinerators heat Energy, this is the first place on earth, capturing and selling carbon dioxide from air.
You’re, making money out of thin air here on you, air into cash and combating climate change. Really so the air comes in normal Swiss, fresh air. Inside each of these collectors we have filter material which is highly selective, so it captures only co2 and you can think of the filter material a little bit like a sponge.
So if you would dunk the sponge in water able to fill up with water, the same thing happens with the filter material inside that, so it fills up with co2. Once it’s fully saturated, then we close the collector.
We heat it to 100 degrees Celsius and the co2 then unstick from the filter and can be collected so in around 3 to 4 hours. The sponge, if you like inside, will be saturated. They’ll close down and that carbon will then be extracted and sent to be stored.
Each one of these will capture around a ton of carbon in a week, and it goes straight from here from the plant right over there piped under that field. To the greenhouses, the market is right there right now before your eyes and that’s.
The delivery point in the greenhouse the small black pipes sending in the captured co2 and the growers here will happily tell you that, since this arrangement has been going on this circular economy in this area, their yields have gone up, 20 %, so revolution or pipedream scale Is everything to capture just 1 % of global co2 emissions by 2025 means building 250,000 fan assemblies like the one on this roof all carbon negative, using energy from existing plants like this prototype sited on the incinerator? Currently, they are roughly 80 to 100 million cars produced annually globally and if we produced that amount of co2 collectors so to say, we would already exceed like our 1 % goal.
It’s, not something humanity has never done right. There’s, a lot of knowledge and not a lot of industry around which which could scale what what we’re using the other major obstacle, cost $ 600 to produce a ton of captured co2.
At the moment, we are very confident that we can walk down the cost curve down to this this level of $ 100. It’s, not these large scientific challenges you have to solve, which are unknown, whether you solve it or not.
It’s really rather than execution thing like. We really know what we need to do. We need to execute it like. We need to finance it. We need good people, people to work on it and simply do it. It isn’t a solution to global warming, but it could be a part of one along side: a global emissions revolution, radical reforestation and ending our reliance on fossil fuels.
Climb works already has 14 plants across Europe, including this one in Iceland capturing co2. For fizzy drinks, fuel and here simply turning it into rock fire, a thermal energy powered plant for the founder it’s, personal, the mountains, he loves, are being rapidly altered by the climate emergency.
I do a lot of Alpine stuff like a climb being skiing and there you can really feel that things change rapidly. You see it personally. Yes, those changes not immediately apparent, perhaps, as our train swings us ever higher into the Swiss out, but this landscape is more affected by the climate emergency than any other in Europe.
Temperatures rising here twice as fast as the European average. For of the past five summers, the hottest on record, so we’ve, come to one of Switzerland’s, most famous glaciers, mortash. We’re, greeted by the fiddler on the roof of Switzerland.
Felix keller, extreme violin in & # 39. This glaciologist is staging high-altitude concerts to focus attention on the crisis. If we take a look here to this neighbor glacier, we can see that this glacier was connected four years before, with this glacier beyond the musical gimmicks.
He’s, actually secured millions in funding to try and stop the glacier melt by spraying, artificial snow and ice onto a specific area. Our method, doesn’t need that it is not necessary that we covered the whole installation.
It’s, only 10 % of the surface area, just this area where we are now it’s about one kilometer square, which is needed to cover the whole summer, and our calculation shows. If we do that in about ten years, the glacier will restart do draw well, we’ll know, but not for some years.
Other glaciers have attracted even more desperate measures. The swiss literally wrapping large sections in material to reflect away the ever warming summers. The more trash itself, a national symbol of a disappearing world, it’s, lower levels of four lon tourist trail, testifying to a lost world 1860.
The glacier came here. This is the marker post right yeah. So in the year 1860 the glacier ended here at the river. This is now about two miles. The glass is way up there, two miles away now. Yes, it’s, incredible two miles or about 3.
2 kilometers away for just 1878. The glacier had receded. Hundreds of metres well here we are, we’ve, just come another 20 meters or so of retreat in just two years. This marker is now 1880 shows the rapidity of it.
Even then, doesn’t it. Yes, even then it was fast, but now we have more than 40 year. The ear is means four times faster. Last year saw Switzerland’s, most serious drought on record. Yes, drought in this country, glacial melt waters, provide some protection, of course, but only so much and perhaps only for so much longer.
So we all need more possible solutions along the lines that Felix and Christophe proposed Alex Thomson Channel 4 News more trash.